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Home - GPoM. Mayors Challenge 2014: Home. Freedom to Riot: On the Evolution of Collective Violence | The Primate Diaries, Scientific American Blog Network. The views expressed are those of the author and are not necessarily those of Scientific American. From London to the Middle East riots have shaken political stability. Are the answers to be found in human nature? "Anarchy" by Nathaniel Gold Police cars were overturned and shops looted as the mob descended on the city’s central square. Rioters tore the police station’s outer door off its hinges and “used it as a battering ram” to break inside. Others smashed their way into the city building where they assaulted government workers, shattered windows, and destroyed furniture.

The portrait of a powerful leader was pulled from the wall and sent dangling from a balcony as angry voices below cursed him and the other “fascists” believed responsible for their condition. The Novocherkassk riot on June 2, 1962, was Soviet Russia’s largest public uprising to date. “For some reason some kind of force filled me,” testified one of the rioters during his trial. The Evolution of Mob Mentality Figure 1.

Da Lench Mob Ft Ice Cube - Guerrillas In The Mist. Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five - The Message. HD Stock Footage Watts Riots Los Angeles 1965. Reading the Riots: 'It was a war, and we had the police scared' - video | UK news. UK riots 2011 | UK news. Twenty Years After the Riots part 1 - Los Angeles Times. A Marine general with ties to Camp Pendleton has been nominated to become the next commandant of the Marine Corps, the Pentagon announced Thursday. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel has nominated Gen. Joseph E. Dunford Jr. to be the 36th commandant, succeeding Gen. James Amos, who is set to retire this fall as the top general in the Marine Corps.

Dunford, 58, is the top U.S. and NATO general in Afghanistan. During the assault to topple Saddam Hussein in Iraq in 2003, Dunford was the commander of the Camp Pendleton-based 5th Marine Regiment, earning the nickname "Fighting Joe. " He served 22 months in Iraq. In 2009, he was appointed by President Obama to be the commander of the Camp Pendleton-based 1st Marine Expeditionary Force. Dunford, born in Boston and reared in Quincy, Mass., graduated from St. Max Weber Methodology. Max Weber Theory. Van Bagdad naar Londen: Lessen uit duizend jaar stedelijke netwerken in Europa en de Arabische werel.

Waarom begon de industriële revolutie eigenlijk in noordwest Europa? Tegen het einde van het eerste millennium was Europa nog een achterlijk deel van de wereldeconomie met een lage graad van verstedelijking en een dito inkomen. Maar tussen 1000 en 1800 ontwikkelde Europa zich van een economisch achtergebleven gebied tot de meest dynamische regio in de wereldeconomie. Het verklaren van deze ontwikkelingen is één van de grote uitdagingen voor historici en economen. Instituties, maar welke? De belangrijkste hypothese ter verklaring van de opkomst van Europa betreft de rol van instituties. Maar de vraag welke instituties nu verantwoordelijk zijn voor het wonder van de Europese groei is nog onderwerp van stevige discussies onder wetenschappers.

Douglass North (1981) benadrukt dat de sociaal-politieke instituties die plundering door de staat beperkten het belangrijkste waren voor de ontwikkeling van Europa. Instituties die het ruilverkeer reguleren Omslagpunt: het jaar 1100 Voetnoten Referenties: Detroit Burning: Photos From the 12th Street Riot, 1967. Forty-five years ago, during the long, hot summer of 1967, the city of Detroit erupted in one of the deadliest and costliest riots in the history of the United States.

Reportedly sparked by a police raid on an unlicensed bar on July 23, the conflagration lasted four terrifying days and nights, left scores dead and hundreds injured, thousands arrested, untold numbers of businesses looted, hundreds of buildings utterly destroyed and Detroit’s reputation in tatters. The reasons behind the riot, of course, are far thornier — socially, economically, racially — than a mere raid on a gin joint.

While Detroit in the mid-Sixties had a larger black middle class than most American cities its size — thanks in large part to strong unions, high employment and the thriving, all-powerful auto industry — it was hardly a model of racial harmony. Throughout it all, photographer Lee Balterman (who died in March 2012 at the age of 91) was there, recording the terrible scene. Readers by the dozens have shared their memories of the 1992 Los Angeles riots, which erupted 20 years ago this week. Those contributing their stories include: A former National Guardsman A retired L.A.

County sheriff's sergeant A former LAX traffic controller And a former LAPD 911 operator Readers also have weighed in on The Times' coverage of the anniversary: "This series captivated me, about something so influential to our city's history, but before my lifetime, yet recent enough that it is engrained in its residents' memory," wrote Michael Smallberg of Northridge. Shirley Cameron of Newport Coast had another view. In particular, Patt Morrison's interview with Rodney King drew a number of comments.

Alfred Gassler of Cerritos wrote: "I agree he was mistreated by the police 20 years ago. Linda Loding of Pasadena wrote in a Letter to the Editor: "My 24-year-old son was one of the 54 people who died because of the riots. Full coverage from The Times of the 20th anniversary of the riots is here. 1992 riots timeline. Photographer recounts covering the 1992 Los Angeles riots. Photos: The 1992 Los Angeles riots. On April 29, 1992, a jury in Ven­tura County ac­quit­ted four LAPD of­ficers of beat­ing Rod­ney G. King. The beating, caught on am­a­teur video­tape, sparked a na­tion­al de­bate about po­lice bru­tal­ity and ra­cial in­justice. After the verdict, angry crowds gathered on street corners across Los Angeles. The in­ter­sec­tion of Florence and Normandie in South L.A. became the flash point, but it was a scene eer­ily re­peated in many parts of the city in the hours that fol­lowed. · Photographer recounts covering the 1992 Los Angeles riots · Timeline: 1992 L.A. riots · The past still grips Rodney King · Rodney King, 20 years after L.A.’s riots · Front pages from the riots · LAPD goes from longtime oppressor to community partner.

Private Video. N.W.A – Fuck The Police Lyrics. N.W.A FUCK DA POLICE. American urban unrest. Photo: Newark, 1967 Several recent posts have focused on periods of civil unrest in other countries -- France and Thailand most recently. The United States has its own history of civil unrest as well; and much of that history involves poverty, race, and cities. So it's worthwhile taking a look at some of the dynamics and causes of the major urban race riots that have occurred in the United States in the past seventy-five years. Detroit, Newark, Chicago, and Watts stand out as particularly dramatic moments in American urban history of the late 1960s, and it is useful to tease out some of the historical contingencies and large social conditions that produced these periods of strife.

At the crudest level, we can tell a pretty compelling story about why these riots occurred. But this is a commonsense folk theory of unrest; what do the experts think? . Abu-Lughod draws several general conclusions based on the pairwise comparisons that she has made. . UNIVERSITY. Brief Historical Overview. The Tre Maggiori. (Series 05). The Tre Maggiori, the highest executive offices of the Florentine Republic, consisted of the Gonfaloniere di Giustizia and Priors (assisted by a notary) and two advisory councils: the Buonuomini and the Gonfalonieri di Compagnia.

The Gonfaloniere di Giustizia and Priors were called the "Signoria"; the two advisory councils the "Collegi". 1282 -- June. 1293 -- November 1292 into the spring of 1293: "The Ordinances of Justice. " 1293 -- February. The Florentine constitution proved to be remarkably stable. 1301 -- In the continuing feud between the Guelf "Whites" (Cerchi) and "Blacks" (Donati), Corso Donati (supported by troops of Charles de Valois) entered the city in October, liberated the prisons, attacked the Palazzo della Signoria, and forced the election of a substitute Signoria on 7 November (all "Blacks") who remained until the next regularly elected Signoria that entered office on 15 December. 1378 -- The "Ciompi" revolt.

De Monarchia. Edition: current; Page: [xv] He who was “the spokesman of the Middle Ages,” who saw and told of his fellow-men and their destiny, uttered a message not for one century of time only, nor of one significance. In each of Dante’s larger works, the Vita Nuova, the Convito, the De Monarchia, and the Divine Comedy, this message is pronounced in one or all of its three phases, the religious, the philosophical, and the political.

Because no author ever wrote with such singleness of purpose, nor through such diverse mediums carried to completion a solemn intent, the series of his productions are bound together as inevitably as the links of a chain, lending to one another meaning and value. The recognition by the student of this desire to know and to help his brother man, which gives to Dante’s writings a loftiness of tone and elevation of character that six centuries have failed to obscure, is the preventer of much misunderstanding, and the first essential to appreciative interpretation. Internet History Sourcebooks Project. Medieval Sourcebook: Marsiligio of Padua: Conclusions from Defensor Pacis, 1324 [Thatcher Introduction] Defensor Pacis is a treatise on politics written by Marsilius or Marsiglio, a canon of the church of Padua, in 1324.

His authority is the Politics of Aristotle, which Marsilius knew from a Latin summary current in the Middle Age. From this as a basis he constructs a political theory and tests the existing institutions by it. The work is divided into three parts; the first two form a diffuse essay, and the last is a summary of his arguments in the form of forty-two conclusiones, which are translated here, because they give in a concise form the essential points of his theory.

Conclusions The one divine canonical Scripture, the conclusions that necessarily follow from it, and the interpretation placed upon it by the common consent of Christians, are true, and belief in them is necessary to the salvation of those to whom they are made known. Trans in Oliver J. History of Florence and Of the Affairs Of Italy, by Niccolo Machiavelli. Benjamin Barber: Why mayors should rule the world.