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London 2012 Olympics: how technology is aiding Team GB. “After one session I became a lot more aerodynamic,” explained Lucy Hall, one of the domestiques aiming to help Helen Jenkins win gold in the women’s triathlon competition. “I worked on my shoulder position, got a lot more narrow. My shoulders were quite relaxed and I needed to teach my body how to bring my shoulders in without becoming tense.

"With the reviews from here, I have been successful, though. In terms of energy, you can gain 10 or 15 watts. Horse riding air vests: Equestrian eventing For decades, eventers have taken advantage of developments in body protection for cross-country riding, but the most radical change came in 2009 with air bag technology originally used in the motorbike industry. Point Two, the market leader, is supplying 11 national squads at the Olympics – including Team GB – with an outer vest which covers the rider’s trunk and coccyx and, when inflated, rises up to stabilise the neck.

Wireless in water: Swimming Military lasers: Track cycling. Lewis and Jenson fuel up on Lucozade for the Malaysian Grand Prix. London 2012 Olympics: how technology is aiding Team GB. Faster, higher, stronger - with technology's help. Since the days of woollen shorts and cinder track, athletic performance has kept on improving. As time goes by, there have simply been more and more people on the planet - so there are more exceptional athletes to choose from nutrition, medicine and training facilities have improved steadily, too.

But in most sports it is technology that is making the biggest difference to how far, how high, or how fast people can go. At Loughborough University, they are designing power into pairs of sprinters spikes. Using a process called 3D printing, the stiffness is built into the shoes. The spiked sole is laid down layer by layer. They are then matched to the athlete. The precise power of the first step is measured using digital motion-capture technology. Take cycling. Doubled distances Lighter, more aerodynamic javelins have nearly doubled the distances they can be thrown: there has been a 95 per cent improvement since 1936. But on the track there is less kit - and less improvement. Technology shines.

Hot pants are British team's secret weapon in medal push. Great Britain's track cycling gold medal hope Victoria Pendleton. Photo: Reuters Britain's track cycling team will unveil revolutionary battery-powered hot pants in London's Olympic velodrome following covert trials over 18 months designed to give the home nation a scientific advantage over their rivals. The team's physiologist has told Fairfax the technology will change track cycling — and potentially other sports — forever, in a similar fashion that high-tech suits have changed elite swimming. Every member of Great Britain's already imposing track unit will wear the custom-fit, cutting-edge pants from the time they finish their warm-up until the moment they step onto the boards. Keeping buns toasty … the adidas-designed pants.

With quick-release zips that will allow the cyclists to rip the garment off in a flash, the pants will keep the bums and thighs of the British athletes' at the optimum temperature of about 38 degrees before they compete, much like tyre warmers used in Formula 1. Olympics 2012: Video analysis software powers Team GB. VIDEO – Altitude training in the England gym.

National Fitness Coach Paul Stridgeon explains SA altitude preparations Simulated altitude machines and spinning get England ready for Highveld England are now on the elevated eastern plateau of Johannesburg in South Africa to prepare for three games at altitude, starting with the match against the SA Barbarians South in Kimberley on Wednesday. In a rare glimpse into England's training methods, went into the gym with a video camera to find out from National Fitness Coach Paul Stridgeon exactly how England are preparing for the challenge. The Highveld hat-trick starts at the 1230m above sea-level GWK Stadium, is followed by the second Test against the Springboks at Johannesburg’s Coca Cola Park (1753m) on Saturday, June 16 and finishes against the SA Barbarians North at the Profert Olen Park in Potchefstroom (1350m) on Tuesday, June 19.

Photo: RFU Archive “We’ve got the machines which restrict the amount of to the oxygen available to the player with a mask on,” he said. Olympic film highlights technology support for British athletes. Subscribe Shelly WoodsBAE Systems BAE Systems 12 January 2012 BAE Systems' engineering support for the UK's Wheelchair Racers has been highlighted in a new film produced by the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office. 'Game Changer: Britain prepares' tells the amazing stories of people across the UK preparing for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. This exciting film will be shown to millions on television, in Embassies and at hundreds of events around the world in the run-up to the 2012 Games.

As part of a five year technology partnership with UK Sport launched in 2008, engineers at BAE Systems have been working with over 20 sports teams including taekwondo, track cycling, skeleton, sailing, short track speed skating, athletics, canoeing (slalom and sprint), badminton, basketball, wheelchair racing, swimming, modern pentathlon and shooting. William Hague MP said: "2012 is an exciting year for all of us. Back to news listing. Altitude training: Challenging conventional wisdom. The Rift Valley in Kenya is a world-renowned destination for altitude training As elite athletes prepare for the 2012 London Olympics, many will be seeking to maximise their impact with training sessions at high altitudes. A popular destination is the Great Rift Valley in Kenya, where athletes arrive from around the world, swelling the local population in peak season. Altitude training has been used by endurance athletes for many years but there is growing evidence that the conventional wisdom should be challenged.

Training at altitude - where the oxygen level is considerably lower - allows athletes to increase their red blood cell count. This enables them to compete more effectively at sea level because more oxygen is delivered to the muscles. Previous theories on altitude training rely on the practice of both living and training at altitude (LH+TH). "Live high-train low" (LH+TL) altitude training is a different method.

"Live high-train low": Optimum conditions Possible threat? VIDEO – Altitude training in the England gym. Olympic athletes use devices to improve performance. By Anne Ryman - Jul. 21, 2012 11:09 PM The Republic | Olympic records have been falling steadily for more than a century, largely because of improvements in physical fitness and training. The London Games, however, are putting a new focus on another factor pushing Olympic achievement to new heights: better technology. Olympic technology More athletes in more sports are turning to high-tech devices, clothing, testing and research to gain an edge against the competition.

In some cases, advances in a sport's basic equipment, such as a soccer ball, are elevating the performance of all competitors. The Summer Games, which begin with opening ceremonies Friday, will be a showcase of sorts for "sports engineering," as it is called. "There will be a great deal of new technology used in the upcoming Games," said Philippa Oldham, head of manufacturing at the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, a London-based organization that recently published a report on trends in the field.

Science Of The Summer Olympics: Engineering In Sports. "Science of the Summer Olympics: Engineering In Sports,” the fourth and latest installment in the “Science of Sports” franchise, explores the science, engineering and technology that are helping athletes maximize their performance at the 2012 London Games. Timing is everything, especially at the 2012 Summer Olympics where even a millisecond could mean the difference... Highly engineered safety helmets are an essential part of many olympians' athletic gear Engineering enables wheelchair athletes to maximize their performance in competition Treadmill technology helps rehabilitate the strains incurrred during high impact sports Measuring the horizontal and vertical velocities of a long jump can help optimize an olympian's performance during the...

Understanding the physical forces that move Usain Bolt to victory Olympic runner uses a pair of carbon fiber prosthetic legs that are engineered to store and release energy from the impact of his... Modeling olympic caliber movements in robotics. How is Bradley Wiggins different from the average man? 25 July 2012Last updated at 21:13 ET By Keith Moore BBC News The final leg of Bradley Wiggins's Tour de France victory, through the streets of Paris, seemed a relatively gentle end to a gruelling 3,497km (2,172-mile) race. Being able to ride that distance in three weeks, including punishing mountain climbs at altitudes that would leave most people gasping for air, is beyond the reach of all but the most highly trained endurance athletes. The two main physiological differences between an elite endurance athlete like Wiggins and the average person are a bigger heart - which allows more oxygen-rich blood to be pumped to the muscles - and the muscles' capability to use that oxygen, said Loughborough University's Dr Keith Tolfrey.

Both heart size and oxygen utilisation by muscles can be improved with training. The heart is made up of four chambers. Dr Tolfrey said endurance athletes like Wiggins are likely to have huge left ventricles. 'Tenacity and desire' The Science Behind the Bike.