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Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard , a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid. It is one of the world's most popular games, played by millions of people worldwide at home, in clubs , online, by correspondence , and in tournaments . Each player begins the game with 16 pieces : one king , one queen , two rooks , two knights , two bishops , and eight pawns . Each of the six piece types moves differently. Pieces are used to attack and capture the opponent's pieces, with the objective to ' checkmate ' the opponent's king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture. In addition to checkmate, the game can be won by the voluntary resignation of the opponent, which typically occurs when too much material is lost, or if checkmate appears unavoidable.
A chess problem , also called a chess composition , is a puzzle set by somebody using chess pieces on a chess board, that presents the solver with a particular task to be achieved. For instance, a position might be given with the instruction that White is to move first, and checkmate Black in two moves against any possible defense. A person who creates such problems is known as a composer . There is a good deal of specialized jargon used in connection with chess problems; see chess problem terminology for a list.
Use the mouse to move the pieces for both sides. The Move List will record your moves, up to a maximum of 12 moves. If you attempt an illegal move, the piece will return to its original position. The Hint button will show you the solution, one move at a time. (If you move pieces manually, the Hint button will become disabled.) The Back button will take back moves.
News: Old chess problem books have recently become much easier to access, thanks to Google Books and similar services, as well as Kessinger and other reprint publishers. Some time ago I discovered that the Mackenzie title I was working on was available on Google books, and as it seemed doubtful if a new edition would be of any additional value, my work on it grew more and more fitful, and gradually ceased: today I have dropped it entirely. This means that I will probably not add any new titles to the list below, unless I am convinced that such addition would be useful, even if there are other sources for it. American Chess-Nuts will remain a bit longer -- I might still finish it. I would like to pass on a word of warning to those who decide to purchase reprint edition: if you do, be sure to verify pagination carefully when you receive the book.