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Lisp (historically, LISP ) is a family of computer programming languages with a long history and a distinctive, fully parenthesized Polish prefix notation. [ 1 ] Originally specified in 1958, Lisp is the second-oldest high-level programming language in widespread use today; only Fortran is older (by one year). Like Fortran, Lisp has changed a great deal since its early days, and a number of dialects have existed over its history. Today, the most widely known general-purpose Lisp dialects are Common Lisp and Scheme . Lisp was originally created as a practical mathematical notation for computer programs, influenced by the notation of Alonzo Church 's lambda calculus . It quickly became the favored programming language for artificial intelligence (AI) research.
What is Lispbox? Lispbox is an IDE for Common Lisp development. Actually, Lispbox is just a pre-configured packaging of the Emacs editing environment, SLIME (The Superior Lisp Interaction Mode for Emacs), the Quicklisp library manager, and the Clozure Common Lisp compiler. Combined, these components integrate to provide all of the functionality you would expect from an IDE, and more.
This page, and the pages it links to, contain text of the Common Lisp book Practical Common Lisp published by Apress These pages now contain the final text as it appears in the book. If you find errors in these pages, please send email to email@example.com . These pages will remain online in perpetuity—I hope they will serve as a useful introduction to Common Lisp for folks who are curious about Lisp but maybe not yet curious enough to shell out big bucks for a dead-tree book and a good Common Lisp tutorial for folks who want to get down to real coding right away. However, don't let that stop you from buying the printed version available from Apress at your favorite local or online bookseller.
John McCarthy (September 4, 1927 – October 24, 2011) [ 2 ] was an American computer scientist and cognitive scientist . He coined the term " artificial intelligence " (AI), developed the Lisp programming language family, significantly influenced the design of the ALGOL programming language, popularized timesharing , and was very influential in the early development of AI. McCarthy received many accolades and honors, such as the Turing Award for his contributions to the topic of AI, the United States National Medal of Science , and the Kyoto Prize . [ edit ] Personal life and education John McCarthy was born in Boston, Massachusetts on September 4, 1927 to an Irish immigrant father and a Lithuanian Jewish immigrant mother, [ 3 ] John Patrick and Ida Glatt McCarthy. The family was obliged to relocate frequently during the Great Depression , until McCarthy's father found work as an organizer for the Amalgamated Clothing Workers in Los Angeles, California .