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Abiogenesis - Definition and Theory. Abiogenesis Definition Abiogenesis is the creation of organic molecules by forces other than living organisms.

Abiogenesis - Definition and Theory

While organisms can create carbon-carbon bonds relatively easily thanks to enzymes, to do so otherwise requires large inputs of energy. Scientists think they've detected radio emissions from an alien world. Scientists may have detected radio emissions from a planet orbiting a star beyond our sun for the first time.

Scientists think they've detected radio emissions from an alien world

The astronomers behind the new research used a radio telescope in the Netherlands to study three different stars known to host exoplanets. The researchers compared what they saw to observations of Jupiter, diluted as if being seen from a star system dozens of light-years away. And one star system stood out: Tau Boötes, which contains at least one exoplanet. Quanta Magazine. Indeed, when Neronov and Vovk analyzed data from a suitably located blazar, they saw its high-energy gamma rays, but not the low-energy gamma-ray signal.

Quanta Magazine

“It’s the absence of a signal that is a signal,” Vachaspati said. A non-signal is hardly a smoking gun, and alternative explanations for the missing gamma rays have been suggested. Quantum fluctuation. 3D visualization of quantum fluctuations of the QCD vacuum [1] In quantum physics, a quantum fluctuation (or vacuum state fluctuation or vacuum fluctuation) is the temporary random change in the amount of energy in a point in space,[a][3] as prescribed by Werner Heisenberg's uncertainty principle.

Quantum fluctuation

. , where 1/2ħ ≈ 5,27286×10−35 Js. This means that pairs of virtual particles with energy and lifetime shorter than are continually created and annihilated in empty space. Field fluctuations[edit] Endless Creation Out of Nothing. Astronauts describe the emptiness and darkness of space far from Earth as a startling experience.

Endless Creation Out of Nothing

So did the poet Rainer Maria Rilke, in a poem e-mailed to me by writer Dror Burstein. Without ever having ventured into space (obviously), Rilke wrote a century ago: “Night, shuddering in my regard, but in yourself so steady; inexhaustible creation, enduring beyond the fate of earth.” Is there a modern scientific interpretation to Rilke’s poem? The reality is that space in neither empty nor dark. Even outside galaxies, an astronaut could find at least one proton, on average, in every cubic meter. What Causes the Seasons? The Short Answer: Earth’s tilted axis causes the seasons. Throughout the year, different parts of Earth receive the Sun’s most direct rays. So, when the North Pole tilts toward the Sun, it’s summer in the Northern Hemisphere.

And when the South Pole tilts toward the Sun, it’s winter in the Northern Hemisphere. What are Gravitons and Why Can't We See Them? Gravitons are tiny particles that carry the "force" of gravity.

What are Gravitons and Why Can't We See Them?

They are what brings you back down to Earth when you jump. So why have we never seen them, and why are they so impossibly complicated we need string theory to figure them out? How Simple Rules ‘Bootstrap’ the Laws of Physics. Compared to the unsolved mysteries of the universe, far less gets said about one of the most profound facts to have crystallized in physics over the past half-century: To an astonishing degree, nature is the way it is because it couldn’t be any different.

How Simple Rules ‘Bootstrap’ the Laws of Physics

“There’s just no freedom in the laws of physics that we have,” said Daniel Baumann, a theoretical physicist at the University of Amsterdam. Since the 1960s, and increasingly in the past decade, physicists like Baumann have used a technique known as the “bootstrap” to infer what the laws of nature must be. This approach assumes that the laws essentially dictate one another through their mutual consistency — that nature “pulls itself up by its own bootstraps.”

The idea turns out to explain a huge amount about the universe. Brain damage is linked to religious extremism. A team of scientists that studied almost 150 Vietnam War veterans has found that certain kinds of brain injuries may increase religious fundamentalism.

Brain damage is linked to religious extremism

The researchers at Northwestern University in Illinois found that combat vets who suffered trauma in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex were less willing to accept new ideas and became more extreme in their religious beliefs. The scientists studied 119 vets with penetrating traumatic brain injuries and 30 with no history of brain injury. Physicists suggest hunting 'Dark Matter Fossils' deep underground. In the elusive hunt for dark matter, some researchers are looking underground.

Physicists suggest hunting 'Dark Matter Fossils' deep underground

The mysterious, unseen substance makes up more than 85 percent of the material in our universe. And since dark matter doesn’t interact much with normal matter (that’s what makes it “dark”), scientists usually rely on extremely large detectors to maximize their chances of observing a signal. But the physical hunt for dark matter is relatively new, so these experiments have only been running for a few years. Now Stockholm University researcher Andrzej Drukier and his team say that there’s another way. They want to hunt for small rocks with evidence laid down over a billion years. Tiny signals. Sweet! Sugars found in meteorites for the first time.

If you had to list the very basic elemental ingredients for life on Earth, you'd have to include carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen (collectively called CHON) as your main ones, plus a smattering of others like phosphorous, sodium, and iron.

Sweet! Sugars found in meteorites for the first time

If you took a step up in complexity and included molecules, then you'd also want things like amino acids (the building blocks of proteins), nucleobases (the building blocks of nucleic acids like RNA and DNA), and sugars. A lot of these chemicals are pretty simple, and form easily in the right conditions. Conditions on early Earth may have been conducive to construct them, but it may surprise you to find out things were pretty good in space, too.

The very first solid bits of material to form in the disk of gas and dust swirling around the proto-Sun 4.6 billion years ago were rich in carbon and those other ingredients, even the complex ones. Definition of de novo mutation - NCI Dictionary of Genetics Terms. Molecule - Definition, Types and Examples. Molecule Definition A molecule is two or more atoms bonded together to form a single chemical entity. Each atom carries a certain number of electrons that orbit around the nucleus. The nucleus consists of protons and neutrons, of different numbers in different elements. The electrons that orbit the nucleus exist in various clouds, or valence shells. Mars Is Heaven! You probably hear a lot of news from NASA's many amazing Mars missions: the Curiosity rover, InSight, MRO, and more. NASA is good at promoting their stuff of course, but also the images returned from all these missions are truly wonderful.

You may not hear as much from the European Space Agency's Mars Express mission. An Easy Explanation of the Basics of Quantum Mechanics for Dummies. What we have introduced you to here, is just the proverbial tip of the iceberg. Quantum mechanics allows one to think of interactions between correlated objects, at a pace faster than the speed of light (the phenomenon known as quantum entanglement), frictionless fluid flow in the form of superfluids with zero viscosity and current flow with zero resistance in superconductors.

It may one day revolutionize the way computers operate, through quantum computing. It also lays the foundation of advanced theory of relativity, knows as quantum field theory, which underlies all of particle physics. At the initial stage, you might find your brain circuits getting fused, while trying to grasp the basics of quantum mechanics. Composition of the human body. The main elements that compose the human body are shown from most abundant (by mass) to least abundant. The elemental composition of the human body can be looked at from the point of view of either mass composition, or atomic composition. To illustrate both views, the adult male human body is approximately 57% water, and water is 11% hydrogen by mass but 67% by count of atoms (i.e. 67 atomic percent).

Thus, most of the mass of the human body is oxygen, but most of the atoms in the human body are hydrogen atoms. Both mass-composition and atomic composition figures are given below (see pie graphs and table). Body composition may also be analyzed in terms of molecular type (e.g., water, protein, connective tissue, fats (or lipids) apatite (in bones), carbohydrates (such as glycogen and glucose) and DNA. Major, minor and trace elements[edit] How Brain Chemicals Influence Mood and Health. Share this on: General relativity: How Einstein's theory explains the universe, and more - Science News - ABC News.

A century ago, physicist Albert Einstein unveiled a theory that would change the world — general relativity. The universe may have existed forever, according to a new model that applies quantum correction terms to complement Einstein's theory of general relativity. The model may also account for dark matter and dark energy, resolving multiple problems at once. The widely accepted age of the universe, as estimated by general relativity, is 13.8 billion years. Definition of Scientific Law. In general, a scientific law is the description of an observed phenomenon. SNOWBALL EARTH. In 1987, the Caltech biomagnetist and paleomagnetist Joe Kirschvink gave undergraduate Dawn Sumner a rock sample to study for her senior thesis.

Hospital. Stonehenge-archaeology-prehistoric-tools-stones-wales-wiltshire-a8786356. First passenger flown to edge of space by Virgin Galactic. Biotechnology - Knowledge Encyclopedia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Biotechnology (sometimes shortened to "biotech") is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bioproducts.

Biotechnology also utilizes these products for manufacturing purpose. Modern use of similar terms includes genetic engineering as well as cell- and tissue culture technologies. The concept encompasses a wide range of procedures (and history) for modifying living organisms according to human purposes — going back to domestication of animals, cultivation of plants, and "improvements" to these through breeding programs that employ artificial selection and hybridization. By comparison to biotechnology, bioengineering is generally thought of as a related field with its emphasis more on higher systems approaches (not necessarily altering or using biological materials directly) for interfacing with and utilizing living things. History Medicine. How insulin is made - material, manufacture, history, used, parts, components, structure, steps, product.

Prosanta Chakrabarty: Four billion years of evolution in six minutes. Fun Rock Facts for Kids - Information about Types of Rocks & Minerals. Minerals are naturally occurring substances formed by geological processes. They are usually solid and feature a crystal structure as well as specific physical properties and chemical composition. Humans Really Are Made of Stardust, and a New Study Proves It. Are We Really All Made of Stars? The theory that everyone and everything on Earth contains minuscule star particles dates back further than Moby's popular 2002 song "We Are All Made of Stars. " Scientific theory.

Demystified. Scientific theory. USGS Geology and Geophysics. USGS Geology and Geophysics. The Second Law of Thermodynamics. Tardigrades, explained. Ancient arachnid trapped in amber a missing link in spider evolution - Science News - ABC News. Origin of Life - How Life Started on Earth. Type 1 Diabetes. Chemicals in the Human Brain and their Functions. The Biggest Unsolved Mysteries in Physics. The Mandelbrot Set - The only video you need to see! 200 Reasons why flat-earthers are simply wrong. (Rebuke: 200 Proofs the earth is not a spinning ball.) Power Causes Brain Damage. New Microscope Shows the Quantum World in Crazy Detail. NewScientist_A1 Poster_Reality. Gary Lyon Otto. Metallic Stars Yield Planets. What are Stars Made Of? Long-Standing Space Disk Mystery Solved by Basic Quantum Physics. Yes, The Multiverse Is Real, But It Won’t Fix Physics.

A Crash Course In Particle Physics (1 of 2) Why Does Gravity Wave? The Limitless Vertigo of Cantor’s Infinite. The most mysterious star in the universe. Burn-offs have almost no effect on bushfire risks, Tasmania study finds. Diet may influence the spread of a deadly type of breast cancer, study finds. Steps of the Scientific Method. Where specifically does the flat earth model fail?

Special Relativity Using Two Dimensions and Pla... - Gravity Blog - Quora. Physicists just found a loophole in graphene that could unlock clean, limitless energy. Untitled. This surprising new model of the Universe doesn't need dark energy at all - ScienceAlert.