background preloader

Paper 2 info

Facebook Twitter

Committee on Appropriations, U.S. House of Representatives. On March 2, 1865, the House of Representatives separated the appropriating and banking and currency duties from the Committee on Ways and Means, which was first established in 1789, and assigned them to two new committees - the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on Banking and Currency.

Committee on Appropriations, U.S. House of Representatives

Until 1865, all "general" appropriations bills had been controlled in the House by the Committee on Ways and Means - also in charge of revenue measures and some other classes of substantive legislation. Membership of the Committee The new Committee on Appropriations - six Republicans and three Democrats - was appointed on December 11, 1865, in the 1st session of the 39th Congress, and first reported the general appropriations bills for the fiscal year 1867. By 1920, the number of members had grown to 21. It was changed that year to 35 and gradually increased to 50 by 1951.

A more serious reason for budget reform was due to the widely held belief that the budget was out of control. Committee on Appropriations, U.S. House of Representatives. The World Factbook. From the early 16th century through 1917, the area now known as the West Bank fell under Ottoman rule.

The World Factbook

Following World War I, the Allied powers (France, UK, Russia) allocated the area to the British Mandate of Palestine. After World War II, the UN passed a resolution to establish two states within the Mandate, and designated a territory including what is now known as the West Bank as part of the proposed Arab state. The World Factbook. Inhabited since at least the 15th century B.C., Gaza has been dominated by many different peoples and empires throughout its history; it was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in the early 16th century.

The World Factbook

Gaza fell to British forces during World War I, becoming a part of the British Mandate of Palestine. Following the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Egypt administered the newly formed Gaza Strip; it was captured by Israel in the Six-Day War with Egypt in 1967. Under a series of agreements signed between 1994 and 1999, Israel transferred to the Palestinian Authority (PA) security and civilian responsibility for many Palestinian-populated areas of the Gaza Strip as well as the West Bank. Negotiations to determine the permanent status of the West Bank and Gaza Strip stalled after the outbreak of an intifada in mid- 2000. In early 2003, the "Quartet" of the US, EU, UN, and Russia, presented a roadmap to a final peace settlement by 2005, calling for two states - Israel and a democratic Palestine. The United States Senate Committee on Appropriations. Israel approves 1,100 settler homes in Gilo, Jerusalem.

27 September 2011Last updated at 20:19 Gilo is built on land captured by Israel in 1967 Israel has approved the construction of 1,100 homes in the Jewish settlement of Gilo on the outskirts of Jerusalem.

Israel approves 1,100 settler homes in Gilo, Jerusalem

The move comes days after Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas called for full UN membership for a Palestinian state. There has been widespread condemnation of the move by Palestinian and Western powers, including the EU and US. Almost 500,000 Jews live in settlements on occupied territory. US-brokered peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians are deadlocked over the issue of Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem. Also on Tuesday, three UN special rapporteurs called for an immediate end to the demolition of Palestinian-owned homes and other structures in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. 'Nice gift' Continue reading the main story “Start Quote Settlement activity threatens the viability of an agreed two-state solution ” "This plan should be reversed.

Obama reiterates call for Israel to halt West Bank settlement activity. 'Hundreds join' settler violence. Hundreds of settlers are engaged in violence against Palestinians and Israeli soldiers, the senior Israeli commander in the West Bank has said.

'Hundreds join' settler violence

Majr-Gen Gadi Shamni said diverting military resources to deal with settlers impaired the army's ability to carry out operations against militants. A recent UN report recorded 222 acts of settler violence in the first half of 2008 compared with 291 in all of 2007. Palestinians have long complained of settler harassment and intimidation. They have also complained the Israeli military does little to stop or restrain the settlers. 'Significant change' "In the past, only a few dozen individuals took part in such activity but today that number has grown into the hundreds. "These hundreds are engaged in conspiratorial actions against Palestinians and the security forces. "This is harming our ability to carry out security missions in the territories. "The majority [of settlers] here act normally. 'Wind of extremism'