Muammar Gaddafi is the former autocratic ruler of Libya. (Wikipedia) Oct 20
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En 2007, la société française Amesys, filiale du groupe Bull, a vendu au régime libyen du matériel d'interception des communications sur Internet qui aurait été utilisé pour identifier et traquer les opposants au régime de Mouammar Kadhafi . En marge de ce contrat, selon des révélations du site Médiapart, la Libye aurait participé au financement de la campagne présidentielle du candidat Sarkozy. Amesys est visée par une enquête préliminaire ouverte à Aix-en-Provence (Bouches-du-Rhône), à la suite d'une plainte du collectif de juristes Sherpa pour "atteinte à l'intimité de la vie privée d'autrui".
Un cri d'abord. Ou plutôt un hurlement. Suivi de beaucoup d'autres. Des voix d'hommes, rauques, sauvages, stupéfaites, comme sorties des entrailles.
Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi [ 6 ] ( Arabic : معمر محمد أبو منيار القذافي pron.: / ˈ m oʊ . ə m ɑr ɡ ə ˈ d ɑː f i / audio ) ( c .1942 – 20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi , [ nb 3 ] was a Libyan revolutionary, politician and political theorist. He served as the ruler of the Libyan Arab Republic from 1969 to 1977 and then the "Brother Leader" of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya from 1977 to 2011, during which industry and business was nationalized. Politically an Arab nationalist and Arab socialist , he formulated his own ideology, Third International Theory , later embracing Pan-Africanism and serving as Chairperson of the African Union from 2009 to 2010. The son of an impoverished Bedouin goatherd, Gaddafi became involved in Arab nationalist politics while at school in Sabha , subsequently enrolling in the Royal Military Academy, Benghazi .
Colonel Muammar Gaddafi commanded a brutal regime in Libya for over 40 years until the rebel uprising in February this year.
Infamy But while his early political manoeuvres closely mirrored those of his idol Nasser and pointed to potentially democratic foundations, Gaddafi soon whipped Libya in a different direction: one which led to autocracy and isolationism. Fuelled by his anti-imperialist ideologies, he funded and supported militants and terrorists around the world and assassinated Libyan exiles.
As soon as Muammar Gaddafi seized power in Libya in 1969, at the age of 27, he launched into a perplexing and controversial career as a speech-maker that now spans more than four decades. In scattershot diatribes that at times stretched to several hours, Gaddafi astounded audience at Libya and abroad. Famously dubbed the "mad dog of the Middle East" by Ronald Reagan, the former president of the US, Gaddafi did little to dispel that nickname in his wild orations and writings. In 1975, he outlined his political philosophy in "The Green Book" which carried the subtitle, ""The Solution to the Problems of Democracy; The Social Basis to the Third Universal Theory."