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John Holland, Emergence. The Bactra Review: Occasional and eclectic book reviews by Cosma Shalizi 46 From Chaos to Order by John Holland Addison-Wesley, 1997.

John Holland, Emergence

John Holland, Emergence. The Bactra Review: Occasional and eclectic book reviews by Cosma Shalizi 46 From Chaos to Order by John Holland Addison-Wesley, 1997. Almost Perfect by W. E. Peterson The Rise and Fall of WordPerfec. History of Social Network Sites. Yasns - Please help me document the history o... Cultivating Society's Civic Intelligence. The original proposal of the WWW, HTMLized. A hand conversion to HTML of the original MacWord (or Word for Mac?)

The original proposal of the WWW, HTMLized

Document written in March 1989 and later redistributed unchanged apart from the date added in May 1990. Provided for historical interest only. Ward Cunningham, Wiki Creator, Eclipse Dir. of Committer Communi. Though the term is relatively new to many mainstream IT users, wiki has been around for nearly 12 years.

Ward Cunningham, Wiki Creator, Eclipse Dir. of Committer Communi

Ward Cunningham is credited with inventing the first wiki, called WikiWikiWeb, which he installed on his own Web site in 1995. Today, wiki usage and adoption within the enterprise are accelerating at a rapid clip. Cunningham himself is still active within the wiki community, though his day job is at the Eclipse Foundation, which he joined in October 2005 after a brief stint working for Microsoft. recently caught up with Cunningham to talk about his role at Eclipse and about wiki past present and future. Q: What are you doing at Eclipse? Coincidences that made Google successful. If you do things right, people won’t be sure you’ve done anything at all. – Futurama If I hadn’t gotten in the car accident that year, I wouldn’t have quit school and I might never have started Apple.

It’s weird how things happen. – Steve Wozniak- I, Woz Over 25 years ago, IBM’s *accidental* visit to Microsoft ultimately ended up making Bill Gates the richest person in the world [1]. Wallflower at the Web Party. My Inventions: The Autobiography of Nikola Tesla. Resources Menu | Coffee | Library | Gallery | Lucidcafé Home | Revised: April 4, 2014 My Inventions The Autobiography of Nikola Tesla Introduction Nikola Tesla was born in Croatia (then part of Austria-Hungary) on July 9, 1856, and died January 7, 1943.

My Inventions: The Autobiography of Nikola Tesla

He was the electrical engineer who invented the AC (alternating current) induction motor, which made the universal transmission and distribution of electricity possible. Tesla began his studies in physics and mathematics at Graz Polytechnic, and then took philosophy at the University of Prague. US History Topics. The History Place. John Gurche. Google Search Engine. G. History The letter 'G' was introduced in the Old Latin period as a variant of 'C' to distinguish voiced /ɡ/ from voiceless /k/.


The recorded originator of 'G' is freedman Spurius Carvilius Ruga, the first Roman to open a fee-paying school, who taught around 230 BC. At this time, 'K' had fallen out of favor, and 'C', which had formerly represented both /ɡ/ and /k/ before open vowels, had come to express /k/ in all environments. Vannevar Bush. Vannevar Bush was never directly involved with the creation or development of the Internet.

Vannevar Bush

He died before the creation of the World Wide Web. Yet many consider Bush to be the Godfather of our wired age often making reference to his 1945 essay, "As We May Think. " In his article, Bush described a theoretical machine he called a "memex," which was to enhance human memory by allowing the user to store and retrieve documents linked by associations. This associative linking was very similar to what is known today as hypertext. The ternary calculating machine of Thomas. A large, wooden calculating machine was built in 1840 by Thomas Fowler in his workshop in Great Torrington, Devon, England.

The ternary calculating machine of Thomas

In what may have been one of the first uses of lower bases for computing machinery, Fowler chose balanced ternary to represent the numbers in his machine. Very little evidence of this machine has survived. Linux 15 years later... Content/files/44218-linuxdis... Pics/stuff/alphabet.gif. Tokyo Rose. Rotten > Library > Biographies > Entertainers > Radio > Tokyo Rose Much to the eventual disappointment of American GIs masturbating all over the Pacific theater, Tokyo Rose never existed.

Tokyo Rose

There was nobody named Tokyo Rose, nor was it anybody's nickname. There was never even a fictional character named Tokyo Rose. The name was just a placeholder used by Allied troops to refer to any of the two dozen female voices they heard regularly on Radio Tokyo. Nevertheless, after World War II an American citizen was accused of having been that nonexistent fictional character, and she wound up in a federal penitentiary serving a ten-year sentence for treason. Internet Archive. Totally Useless Knowledge! Alexander Palace Russian History Websites. Amp; Blog Archive & The 25 Most.


amp; Blog Archive & The 25 Most

How Does a Word Become a Curse Word? Our parents are totally going to ground us for talking about this, but if you must know, a "curse" was originally just a bad type of prayer. Thus, the first curse word was likely "damn," as in asking God to damn someone to Hell, which was considered taboo because of the religious power it wielded. Condemning people to an eternity of suffering isn't something to let everyone just go around doing on a daily basis, so the government stepped in, leading to the first censorship laws. Among the first victims was William Shakespeare, whose works were considered quite racy for their time, and not just because he sent his fair share of characters to Hades.

Dijkstra Archive: Home page. The Manuscripts Like most of us, Dijkstra always believed it a scientist’s duty to maintain a lively correspondence with his scientific colleagues.

Dijkstra Archive: Home page

To a greater extent than most of us, he put that conviction into practice. For over four decades, he mailed copies of his consecutively numbered technical notes, trip reports, insightful observations, and pungent commentaries, known collectively as “EWDs”, to several dozen recipients in academia and industry. Thanks to the ubiquity of the photocopier and the wide interest in Dijkstra’s writings, the informal circulation of many of the EWDs eventually reached into the thousands.

Although most of Dijkstra’s publications began life as EWD manuscripts, the great majority of his manuscripts remain unpublished. History of data storage. If you're new here, you may want to subscribe to our feed, or like us on Facebook for updates. Thanks for visiting! Did you know that it would take around 6 000 floppy disks to store one DVD – or 4 500 compact cassettes, with a playback time of 280 days? Here’s a brief look into the history of data storage.

Ancient Human Footprint. About 20,000 years ago, humans trekked along the margins of a shallow lake in Australia, leaving behind records of their passage in the soft, wet sand. In 2003, an aboriginal woman who is likely a descendant of those early Australians stumbled across dozens of timeworn footprints in the same area. Excavations of the site have since uncovered hundreds more. Declaration of Independence. The University of Oklahoma College of Law: Browse [Ad*Access] Cabinet Magazine Online - A Timeline of Timelines. Front Page. Scripting News. (Meme)X Marks the Spot: Theorizing Metablogging. Dennis G. Jerz Table of Contents. The New Yorker : critics : books. Wiki History. This began on March 25, 1995.

A little later (May 1, 1995), an InvitationToThePatternsList caused an increase in participation. Growth has continued since then, to the point where the average number of new pages ranges between 5 and 12 per day. WardsWikiTenthAnniversary occurred on March 25, 2005. At that time, we had about 30690 pages. This is the first ever wiki site, founded as an automated supplement to the PortlandPatternRepository.

Landmark changes to the Wiki script - approximate dates; please put correct dates if you know them. 1996 EditCopy 1998 Perl5 dbm binding 1999 Denial-of-service protection logic 1999 Remote index for search 2000 Update conflict detection (EditConflictResolution) 2000 UserName 2000 QuickChanges 2000 NewNotification 2000 LikePages, VisualTour 2000 PageDeletion 2001 SisterSites 2001? I recently stumbled across this early description of the server with hit statistics for the first three years of operation. Related: Internet Archive: Wayback Machine.