Does immigration enforcement reduce crime? Is Britain closing its doors to talent? Five years ago, Lisa Pollack came to the UK as a ‘highly skilled migrant’. Today, her life-changing move would be a lot more difficult “Visa curbs on highly skilled migrants hit UK talent pool” was the front page headline on the FT. Referring to a study carried out for the FT by the Migration Observatory at the University of Oxford, the July 3 story showed that the flow of highly skilled migrants coming to the UK from outside Europe had decreased by more than a third between 2011 and 2013. And though Vince Cable, the business secretary, told the FT the findings were “deeply worrying”, they were hardly surprising given how much visa rules have been tightened over the past few years.
In the UK, “highly skilled migrant” is a term generally applied to non-natives who are university-educated, high-earning, in a “top” or professional occupation – or some combination thereof. ©Greg Funnell Unlike many of my contemporaries, I did not have a network in the city to fall back on. Farm workers’challenge: You can have our jobs - Business - US business. SAN FRANCISCO — In a tongue-in-cheek call for immigration reform, farm workers are teaming up with comedian Stephen Colbert to challenge unemployed Americans: Come on, take our jobs. Farm workers are tired of being blamed by politicians and anti-immigrant activists for taking work that should go to Americans and dragging down the economy, said Arturo Rodriguez, the president of the United Farm Workers of America.
So the group is encouraging the unemployed — and any Washington pundits or anti-immigrant activists who want to join them — to apply for the some of thousands of agricultural jobs being posted with state agencies as harvest season begins. All applicants need to do is fill out an online form under the banner "I want to be a farm worker" at www.takeourjobs.org, and experienced field hands will train them and connect them to farms. According to the Labor Department, three out of four farm workers were born abroad, and more than half are illegal immigrants.
Second, expect long days. A global view of cross-border migration. One defining feature of the world economy in recent decades is increasing migration. These cross-border flows have led to concerns in immigrant-receiving countries about the effects of migration on labour markets and welfare states. In turn, the countries of origin worry about the potential negative consequences of this human ‘brain drain’.
Thus there is growing interest in understanding and quantifying the costs and benefits of migration. However, as noted by Hanson (2009), global welfare analyses of migration are scarce, particularly when compared to the attention researchers have paid to estimating the effects of international trade. In a recent paper (di Giovanni, Levchenko, and Ortega 2013), we evaluate the welfare effects of migration from a global perspective in a manner analogous to how economists evaluate the gains from international trade.
The main features of our framework are: Figure 1. For the OECD countries, welfare falls absent migration because of a market size effect. How Western Europe can make the most of immigration. Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, Giovanni Peri, 17 April 2008 Immigration of less educated, younger Eastern Europeans and North Africans to Western Europe would economically benefit its educated and older population. This column, summarising research on immigration effects in Germany, suggests that, to fully reap the benefits from immigration, Western Europe should make its labour markets more competitive and accessible to outsiders (immigrants) and its welfare state more selective. Western European workers are ageing, Western European women are increasingly participating into the labour force, and young Western European generations have significantly increased their level of schooling.
At the same time, close neighbours of Western Europe, such as countries in North Africa, the Middle East and in part of Eastern Europe, have younger, less educated labour forces potentially attracted by the higher productivity and wages of Western Europe. Table 1. Attitudes on trade and immigration. Goldin, I. and Cameron, G., Balarajan, M.: Exceptional People: How Migration Shaped Our World and Will Define Our Future. Throughout history, migrants have fueled the engine of human progress. Their movement has sparked innovation, spread ideas, relieved poverty, and laid the foundations for a global economy.
In a world more interconnected than ever before, the number of people with the means and motivation to migrate will only increase. Exceptional People provides a long-term and global perspective on the implications and policy options for societies the world over. Challenging the received wisdom that a dramatic growth in migration is undesirable, the book proposes new approaches for governance that will embrace this international mobility. The authors explore the critical role of human migration since humans first departed Africa some fifty thousand years ago--how the circulation of ideas and technologies has benefited communities and how the movement of people across oceans and continents has fueled economies. Review: "This is a book of bold ambitions ably fulfilled.
"[A]n essential read . . . Moi, Française vivant dans un pays musulman. L’actualité de ces derniers jours me pousse à apporter un témoignage sur ce que peut être la vie d’une femme occidentale dans un pays musulman afin d’éclairer mes concitoyens restés en métropole. C’est bizarre parce qu’avant de vivre au Maroc (cela fait un peu plus d’un an et demi que je réside à Casablanca), l’Occident était un concept qui ne me parlait pas réellement. Je me serais volontiers présentée comme une Marseillaise, une Française, une Européenne mais pas du tout comme une occidentale. Le fait est que lorsqu’on vous perçoit comme une identité figée vous avez tendance à vous renfermer sur cette identité supposée.
Le monde arabo-musulman, je connais. Enfin en théorie car j’ai un master enrelations internationales, en sociologie comparée des religions et je suismariée avec un Marocain. De nombreux sujets inabordables Au Maroc, je me sens souvent perdue car de très nombreux sujets sont carrément inabordables, comme l’homosexualité par exemple. L’omniprésence du religieux. No Data -- No Progress: Country Findings | Roma Initiatives | Open Society Foundations. The year 2010 marks the halfway point of the Decade of Roma Inclusion. It is a logical place for the 12 participating Decade countries to assess their progress to date so they can ensure that their initiatives are on track and are effective, and that conditions for the 4.5 million Roma who live in these countries are improving. By evaluating their efforts, governments would demonstrate their seriousness and commitment to the political pledges they made to their Roma populations at the Decade’s inception in 2005.
Yet five years later, the lack of data about Roma communities remains the biggest obstacle to conducting any thorough assessment of how governments are meeting their Decade commitments, despite widespread agreement among participating governments about the crucial need to generate data disaggregated for ethnicity in order to assess and guide policies. With gaps and unknowns like this, how can policymakers devise effective policies and responsibly allocate resources? Www.hamiltonproject.org/files/downloads_and_links/09_immigration.pdf. The Economics of Immigration Reform. With bipartisan momentum mounting for comprehensive immigration reform, cautious optimism has emerged that 2013 will be the year for action.
Most Americans agree that our immigration system is flawed, but there remains a lack of understanding about the real effects that new immigrants have on wages, jobs, budgets, and the U.S. economy in general. Two recent Hamilton Project papers provide important economic context for the issue and a potential path forward. The Project’s “Ten Economic Facts About Immigration” memo explores some of the questions frequently raised around immigration in the United States and provides facts to address many immigration myths. For example, there is concern in some communities that immigrants will replace American workers and reduce our standards of living. On the contrary, the evidence suggests that immigrants typically boost American workers’ overall standard of living by increasing American wages and lowering prices for consumers. How much human capital does Australia get via visas?
The Australian visa point-system is the envy of the world as it has ensured that Australia gets a large influx of well-educated, healthy, English-speaking migrants. How large is the free gift that comes walking into our doors this way? Conservatively, I would say 50 billion dollars per year, probably more. Let us go over the calculation. One method of calculating the free gift of migration is to look at how much the roughly 180,000 migrants earn during their life in Australia. With a lifetime income in the range of 2-4 million dollars(not counting those migrants above 44 years of age or below 15), this would make the gift of migration in the order of 100-200 billion dollars a year, i.e. 10-20% of GDP every year. Yet, of course, this method is not valid because migrants also consume: they take up space, commute, drive up housing prices, etc.
Yet, there are initial investments coming in with migrants, namely the cost of acquiring their human capital. Like this: Like Loading... Www.brookings.edu/~/media/Research/Files/Papers/2012/9/20 immigrants human capital singer/immigrants human capital singer.pdf. Greece to deport 1,600 immigrants arrested in Athens - Pale Moon. 6 August 2012Last updated at 07:54 ET Greece is the first point of entry for 80% of immigrants reaching the EU Greek police say more than 1,600 illegal immigrants will be deported following a major crackdown in Athens in recent days.
More than 6,000 people have been detained, though most were released. Public Order Minister Nikos Dendias defended the crackdown. He said Greece's economic plight meant it could not afford an "invasion of immigrants". He called the immigration issue a "bomb at the foundations of the society and of the state". "Unless we create the proper structure to handle immigration, then we will fall apart," he said.
Some 88 illegal immigrants were sent back to Pakistan on Sunday. The Greek authorities have increased the number of guards at the border with Turkey amid fears there may be a sudden influx of refugees entering Greek territory as the situation in Syria deteriorates. Far-right rise Greece has frequently come under criticism for its handling of immigrants. Prénoms et immigration : Les enfants de Mohamed et Larbia Dupont s’appellent Yanis et Ines. Billet publié le 24/07/2009 Quels prénoms les immigrés donnent à leurs enfants ? Plusieurs articles ont paru récemment sur le sujet (Arai et al. 2009; Becker 2009; Gerhards et Hans 2009; Valetas et Bringé, à paraître; Sue et Telles 2007). Deux sur la France, deux sur l’Allemagne, un sur les USA.
Voici quelques mots, un peu dans le désordre. Les méthodes diffèrent légèrement. Malgré la différence des méthodes, l’on va trouver d’étranges similarités. Immigrer à un jeune âge, avoir immigré depuis longtemps… conduit à donner à ses enfants des prénoms plus proches des prénoms du pays d’accueil. La similarité la plus remarquable concerne les filles. Les auteurs interprêtent ces résultats de plusieurs manières, parfois en rattachant cette différence à la différence de genre.
J’aurai tendance à penser que ces différences entre prénoms donnés aux garçons et prénoms donnés aux filles sont liées à une différence de structure dans le stock des prénoms du « pays d’accueil ». À la recherche de la femme idéale… Les stéréotypes de genre et de race dans le commerce de « promises par correspondance » - JONCTIONS. Maitre Eolas: La LOPPSI au JO, la loi im...
How to Marry a Bulgarian: American hospitality to non-Americans. The mega payoff of increased immigration is lost on the pols. I have a plan that will raise wages, lower prices, increase the nation's stock of scientists and engineers, and maybe even create the next Google. Better yet, this plan won't cost the government a dime. In fact, it'll save money. A lot of money. But few politicians are going to want to touch it. Here's the plan: More immigration. See what I meant about politicians not liking it? Economists will tell you that immigrants raise wages for native-born Americans. They'll also admit there are other considerations. The mistake we make when thinking about the effect immigrants have on our wages, says Giovanni Peri, an economist at the University of California at Davis who has studied the issue extensively, is that we imagine an economy where the number of jobs is fixed. With more labor - particularly more labor of different kinds - the economy grows larger.
In fact, there's a sense in which green cards are superior. But that's only half of their benefit.