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The Smell Test: Educators can counter fake news with information literacy. Here’s how. Illustration by Steve Brodner Discerning fact from fiction in news and online content has never been more challenging.

The Smell Test: Educators can counter fake news with information literacy. Here’s how.

From “pizzagate”—false reports of a child sex ring operating in a DC pizza parlor—and creepy clown attacks to retweeted election headlines touting events that never happened, fake news is rampant. Fake News Expert On How False Stories Spread And Why People Believe Them. This is FRESH AIR.

Fake News Expert On How False Stories Spread And Why People Believe Them

I'm Dave Davies in for Terry Gross. So do you remember reading that Hillary Clinton paid Jay Z and Beyonce $62 million dollars for performing at a rally in Cleveland before the election? You might have, but the story is false, one of many posted on hyper-partisan websites and spread by aggressive social media campaigns during the presidential election. Our guest, Craig Silverman, has spent much of his career as a journalist writing about issues of accuracy in media. He wrote a column for the Poynter Institute called Regret the Error and later a book of the same name on the harm done by erroneous reporting. The Problem with Fake News (and how our students can solve it) Fake News: Recommendations - Media Literacy Clearinghouse. From the various news stories and blog posts recently about “fake news,” I have compiled the following recommendations and advice.

Fake News: Recommendations - Media Literacy Clearinghouse

(NOTE: lesson plans and related videos are posted near the bottom of this list) Do you have suggestions for content that could be added here? Please consider sending it to me: Click image for larger version. In the article “Five Things To Do To Avoid Posting Fake News on Social Media,” the author offers this timely advice, which includes some important “media literacy” type questions: – does this (posting) seem believable on a basic level?

– is the website (which has posted it) reputable? More information, but less knowledge in the Misinformation Age. Welcome to the Misinformation Age.

More information, but less knowledge in the Misinformation Age

Contrary to futurists’ predictions of a golden Information Age, our research has shown most people struggle to effectively learn online. The Internet is awash in information: Some of it helpful, some of it deceptive, and all of it challenging for people to integrate and understand. Every second, online falsehoods are shared, retweeted, and liked on social media. Many websites and articles that “go viral” are seductive fictions, including sites purposefully disguised as news sources intended to mislead, and those created by entrepreneurs interested solely in gaining web traffic and earning money from online advertising. The frequency of such deceptions is likely to increase as more and more people rely on the Internet as their primary, and often only, source of news. How I Detect Fake News – Tim O'Reilly – Medium. How I traced the falsity of one internet meme, and what that teaches us about how an algorithm might do it I have a brother who is a big Donald Trump fan, and he frequently sends me articles from various right-wing media sources.

How I Detect Fake News – Tim O'Reilly – Medium

Last week, he sent me a variant of the image above. I immediately consulted Snopes, the fact checking site for internet hoaxes, and discovered that it was, as I expected, fake. Facebook, Google, Twitter et al need to be champions for media literacy. Sorry, but I don’t want Facebook to be the arbiter of what’s true.

Facebook, Google, Twitter et al need to be champions for media literacy

Nor do I want Google — or Twitter or any other hyper-centralized technology platform — to be the arbiter of what’s true. But I’m glad to see platform companies at least acknowledging their role in helping spread a colossal amount of misinformation and lying propaganda. Facebook and Google have intervened in small ways, including a vow not let fake news sites make money using their advertising systems. While I strongly believe Facebok needs to hire some human editors—the algorithm-only approach has visibly failed—I’m very leery of pushing them a lot further down a path we may all regret. How false news can spread - Noah Tavlin. The term “circular reporting” likely originated in the government and military intelligence community, where ascertaining the validity of information is absolutely critical when there is misinformation intentionally being spread and leaked by one’s opposition.

How false news can spread - Noah Tavlin

This paper goes into greater detail about how the military intelligence community deals with circular reporting. Sometimes, false information can spread so widely that it becomes accepted as true. For example, the Coati, a relative of the raccoon, native to Brazil, has become alternatively known as “the Brazilian Aardvark.” This blog post details ten of the biggest Wikipedia hoaxes to date. While Wikipedia has high-risk potential to be a source of misinformation—and has been such in the past—its community of editors has become more and more vigilant about catching un-cited or biased edits to pages before they are widely read.

Facebook’s fake news crisis deepens. Click and elect: how fake news helped Donald Trump win a real election. In the early months of 2004, a Harvard student called Mark Zuckerberg got so drunk, he tripped over a coiled snake of cables in his dorm room, smashed through his ground floor window and ended up face down in the wet grass, whereupon the girl he had admired came round the corner, arms linked with her friends, who, all three, had to step over the fallen norm-core future billionaire before he puked on himself.

Click and elect: how fake news helped Donald Trump win a real election

It was, Zuckerberg has noted, the most humiliating moment of his life. None of that is true. But what does it matter? Editors vs algorithms: who do you want choosing your news? By Emma Goodman A new Reuters Institute report, Brand and Trust in a Fragmented News Environment, has found that many news users prefer an algorithm to choose their news, rather than an editor.

Editors vs algorithms: who do you want choosing your news?

Although most of those interviewed for the report had not previously given much consideration to how their news was curated, when they were asked, algorithms were preferred, particularly among the younger and more technologically engaged. This was despite the fact that most had concerns regarding the accuracy of news content on social media, and many trust in the experience of establish news brands. Aggregators such as Google News or Apple News use algorithms to surface stories in response to search terms or past consumption. Social networks such as Facebook, which is far more widely used than any aggregator, also use algorithms to decide which stories feature most prominently in a user’s feed, from among the brands that a user follows and posts from friends. In age of fake news, teaching media literacy + quiz. By Katherine GreggJournal Political Writer PROVIDENCE, R.I. - Real or fake: "Obama Signs Executive Order Banning the Pledge of Allegiance in Schools Nationwide.

In age of fake news, teaching media literacy + quiz

" "Whaaat? " Media literacy in 2016: Strategies to decipher what is real and what is fake news on your newsfeed. You’ve seen it in your newsfeed before and perhaps even clicked on it or shared it: a bogus “news” story related to the election. While Facebook and other social media sites have worked hard to limit the reach of such stories, some still seep through the cracks. You’ll see headlines like, “Michael Moore Endorsed Donald Trump?” , “6,000 Muslims with Forged Papers Caught at Southern Border,” “Recording Captures Tim Kaine Yelling at His Mistress,”and “Trump Just Removed His Name from His Hotels Due to Plummeting Business?”

Snopes, a website dedicated to debunking such stories, gives a good summary of the internet’s worst offenders for production of such stories here. But how does a normal person parse out what is real and what is fake? Most Students Don’t Know When News Is Fake, Stanford Study Finds. Preteens and teens may appear dazzlingly fluent, flitting among social-media sites, uploading selfies and texting friends. But they’re often clueless about evaluating the accuracy and trustworthiness of what they find. Some 82% of middle-schoolers couldn’t distinguish between an ad labeled “sponsored content” and a real news story on a website, according to a Stanford University study of 7,804 students from middle school through college. The study, set for release Tuesday, is the biggest so far on how teens evaluate information they find online. Fake News Is Here: Help Students Detect It. By Frank W. Baker “Dewey Defeats Truman” read the large-type headline on the front page of The Chicago Daily Tribune for the issue published the night of the 1948 presidential election.

Fake news isn’t just an internet problem, it’s a classroom crisis. A new push for media literacy. By Tim Newcomb Alarm over the ease with which Americans are duped by fake news continues to grow. With propaganda-filled stories and hoax articles crowding social media feeds — where more than 60 percent of people in the United States now get their news — during the recent election cycle, lack of media literacy among adults has turned into a topic of grave concern. But what about media literacy among kids? Researchers say children’s ability to distinguish real news from fake as they surf today’s internet may be even worse. Three awesome seasonal TV commercials to spark discussions in your classes. I would first like to start by saying I am in no way endorsing any of these companies.

To be honest, I rarely watch TV and don’t particularly like TV commercials. However, I do think they can useful tools for our learners. Log In. Stop worrying about fake news. What comes next will be much worse. Will Tweets Trump Traditional Media? A Look At Journalism's Future With The Donald. Fake News is a Real Problem. Here’s How Students Can Solve It. – John Spencer. 2016 Lie of the Year: Fake news. Faltering media literacy spans wider than one generation. In a world of fake news, real journalism must be paid for. A Blog for Principals and Teachers - School Matters. Can you spot the 'real' fake news story? – quiz.