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Check out this article from 'The Culture Trip' A Guide To Amsterdam's Most Unusual Attractions. The Best Boutiques In Amsterdam, The Netherlands. History of Amsterdam. Resourceful beginnings When the last millennium was still quite young, a handful of adventurers came floating down the river Amstel in hollowed-out logs. Out of the marshlands and swamps surrounding the Amstel River, a structure of dams and dikes was forged - the first of which is marked by the Dam square at the heart of the city today. These canny "Aemstelledammers" began exacting toll money from the passing beer and herring traders of the roaring Eastern Sea Trade of the Baltics. They quickly became expert boat builders and brewers; attracting more interest in the emerging town. Trade The right to free passage proved to be crucial for the economic development of Amsterdam.

Golden Age By the end of the 15th century, the city developed rapidly. During this period, the city underwent two massive urban expansions, and for the first time both functionality and beauty were taken into consideration. The art scene was also flourishing at this time. Industrialisation Past century. Amsterdam society. Amsterdam: melting pot of cultures In short, it's no coincidence that Amsterdam has become one of the most multicultural city in the world. The city is now a melting pot of cultures, with residents from 180 different countries. It also embraces a variety of different lifestyles, religions and beliefs. For example, the city is considered by many to be the gay capital of Europe and still has an active squatters movement. Politics The Executive Board of Amsterdam is formed by the Mayor and six Aldermen.

The municipal council is elected every four years by Amsterdam's residents. Amsterdam is known as a liberal city and often the more left-oriented parties hold the most political power. District councils Some of the powers of the Amsterdam council have been transferred to a lower level - the district councils. For more in-depth information about city politics, visit the city government section of this website. [Landscape Architecture Study Tour with Professor Jack Ahern.

Introduction Amsterdam is called by some the "Venice of the North". Its 62 miles of concentric canals mean that more than 400 bridges are needed to connect its radial streets. The city's distinct character comes from a history of deliberate city planning, the inherent difficulty of developing land below sea level, and successful resistance to large scale redevelopment such as the construction of boulevards in 19th century Paris.

The city has gone through a unique and unusually distinct series of expansions as its merchant economy boomed requiring more ship berths and warehouses and its population increased -demanding more space for housing. Five major expansions that have shaped the city are described below. Part 1: Medieval City Amsterdam started out as a marshy fishing village at the end of the Amstel River prone to frequent flooding. In the years 1421 & 1452 the city saw sweeping fires which virtually leveled the city, then built mostly of wood. Part II: 1585 expansion References. History. Amsterdam » Basic Facts » History Amsterdam Amsterdam, the greatest planned city of northern Europe, has always been a well-known name in world history and played a central role in the history of the Netherlands.

In the 17th century Amsterdam was the centre of world economy, and nowadays the city is known for its tolerant character. 1200-1585: The Early History Amsterdam was founded as a fishing village around the thirteenth century. 1585-1672: The Golden Age of Amsterdam The period 1585-1672, the Golden Age, was the hey-day of Amsterdam's commercial success. 1672-1795: An Age of Gold and Silver The year 1672 was a year of disaster for the Dutch Republic with the French and English attacking simultaneously. 1795-1813: Recession and Decline In 1795 the government of the patrician oligarchies was overthrown and the old Republic ceased to exist. 1813-1940: Recovery and Expansion beyond the Singelgracht The period 1813-1940 is marked by economic recovery and, from 1870 onwards, by expansion.

Amsterdam - Wikipedia. Capital and largest city of the Netherlands Capital city and municipality in North Holland, Netherlands Amsterdam (, UK also ;[10][11] Dutch: [ɑmstərˈdɑm] ( listen)) is the official capital and most populous city of the Netherlands; with a population of 872,680[12] within the city proper, 1,380,872 in the urban area,[5] and 2,410,960 in the metropolitan area.[9] Found within the province of North Holland,[13][14] Amsterdam is colloquially referred to as the "Venice of the North", attributed by the large number of canals which form a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Amsterdam's name derives from Amstelredamme,[15] indicative of the city's origin around a dam in the river Amstel. As the commercial capital of the Netherlands and one of the top financial centres in Europe, Amsterdam is considered an alpha-world city by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) study group.

Etymology[edit] History[edit] Founding and Middle Ages[edit] Conflict with Spain[edit] Centre of the Dutch Golden Age[edit] History of Amsterdam - Wikipedia. Amsterdam circa 1544, before the semi-circular ring of canals was added. Amsterdam in 1649, with the first section of canal ring added. Amsterdam around 1662. The ring of canals is now complete.

Amsterdam and surroundings around 1770. The expansion has come to a standstill. The oldest document referring to the settlement of "Aemstelredamme" (Amsterdam) 'dam in the river Amstel' comes from a document dated October 27, 1275 CE. Excavations between 2005 and 2012 found evidence that the origins of Amsterdam are much older than 'only' the twelfth century. Medieval feudalism[edit] In 1204, the inhabitants of Kennemer penetrated the first aggrem Aemestel, the castle at the Amstel dike, thus resulting in the destruction of the house of Gijsbrecht van Aemstel, who, by name of the Bishop of Utrecht, ruled the area. In 1306, Gwijde van Henegouwen, bishop of Utrecht, gave Amsterdam city rights. In 1323, Willem III established a toll on the trade of beer from Hamburg.

Conflict with Spain[edit] Netherlands - Wikipedia. Country in Western Europe The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland [ˈneːdərlɑnt] ( listen)), informally Holland,[13] is a country primarily located in Western Europe and partly in the Caribbean, forming the largest constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.[14] In Europe, it consists of 12 provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with those countries and the United Kingdom.[15] In the Caribbean, it consists of three special municipalities: the islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba. Etymology[edit] The Netherlands' turbulent history and shifts of power resulted in exceptionally many and widely varying names in different languages. There is diversity even within languages. In English, the Netherlands is also called Holland or (part of) the Low Countries, whereas the term "Dutch" is used as the demonym and adjectival form.

The Netherlands and the Low Countries[edit] Holland[edit] History. Check out this article from 'The Culture Trip'