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Language and Gender

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Language and gender. Do you think you would be able to guess the gender of the author of an anonymous tweet?

Language and gender

David Bamman, Jacob Eisenstein and Tyler Schnoebelen found some distinct but complex differences in the way men and women use language on the Twitter microblogging site. The researchers amassed a corpus of over 9 million tweets from more than 14,000 American users. They then assigned gender to each account using historical census information on given names.

Puppets, peaches, and other womanly words. Last month, we took a tour around the world of the macho man, taking in some words in the grand tradition of beefcake on the way.

Puppets, peaches, and other womanly words

We also discovered that the term beefcake, referring to muscular male physique, was formed on the model of cheesecake, a sexually alluring image of a woman. Sugar and spice and all things nice The use of sweet food terms for people is not uncommon in English. EngLangBlog: Search results for gender. Back in 1884, Charles Crozat Converse decided that English needed a new pronoun, a singular and gender neutral pronoun.

EngLangBlog: Search results for gender

He proposed it be called thon, apparently a blend of that + one. In 1971, Casey Miller and Kate Swift proposed that we introduce three new pronouns - tey, ter and tem (to operate as singular versions of they, their and them). In 2005, Dr Richard Neal applied for intellectual property rights over two similar pronouns hesh and hir (the former being an alternative to he and she or s/he, the latter her/his). None of these really caught on, as this 2007 OUP blog post by Ben Zimmer explains in more detail. So, are all such attempts doomed to failure? Perhaps these words are harder to change because they are so common.

Perhaps we should all just give up and accept that English was historically built by men, written by men and is probably destined to reflect an imbalance that favours men? Gender in Conversation update. Genderlect. Be as up-to-date as you can on material here.

Genderlect

General “reading around” about language will benefit you hugely in A Level assessments. See this excellent blog for language news of the week, maintained by a teacher of A Level English Language. Other useful links are collected here. More important than individual studies into genderlect are these four different approaches to gender; The Deficit approach compares women to men based on the assumption that women’s language is inferior to men’s. Wright5. 4.3 Gender & Interaction Theory – Holmes, Tannen, Cameron & DeFrancisco.

Compliments attend to the hearer’s: InterestsWantsNeedsGoods This is the first positive politeness strategy identified by BROWN AND LEVINSON.

4.3 Gender & Interaction Theory – Holmes, Tannen, Cameron & DeFrancisco

Holmes definition, 1986: “A compliment is a speech act which explicitly or implicitly attributes credit to someone other than the speaker, usually the person addressed, for some ‘good’ (possession, characteristic, skill, etc.) which is positively valued by the speaker and the hearer” A direct compliment addresses the listener directly and blatantly: Language and Gender powerpoint. Qr_generator. Note: each of the QR codes is a text file.

qr_generator

There is no need for the mobile devices to connect to the internet to decode them. The correct answers for this quiz can be found here. InstructionsLanguage and Gender Introduction Your job is to find the QR codes which your teacher has put on display around the area. Scan each QR code into your mobile device to get a challenge question. Record the correct answers to all of the *8* questions. Language and Gender Introduction: QR Challenge. Gender and tags. Gender and tags Yesterday I promised to give some examples of the complexity of findings about language and gender, where published claims sometimes contradict one another, and where the various things that "everybody knows" are not always confirmed by experiment.

Gender and tags

This happens in every area of rational inquiry, but it's especially common in cases where generalizations are associated with strong feelings. In this case, we're talking about the nature of men and women as biological and social categories, and the way individual men and women interact in both private and public spheres. There aren't many topics that generate stronger feelings than this one. Strong feelings tend to generate contradictory research for two obvious reasons. The battle against 'sexist' sci-fi and fantasy book covers. Science fiction and fantasy novels routinely portray scantily clad woman on their covers - a device that draws the heterosexual male eye but may turn away women readers.

The battle against 'sexist' sci-fi and fantasy book covers

Lynsea Garrison finds one fantasy author aiming to zap gender stereotypes. Hamleys' baby steps towards gender equality. In the 70s, guns were for boys and dolls were for girls.

Hamleys' baby steps towards gender equality

Animals, transport and building-simulation were unisex, and if you really wanted to test the limits of female objectification, you could get a severed head with retractable hair. That was called a Girl's World. Oh what a world. Barclays Family Springboard Mortgage. Krystina_marieM : Can't believe what I'm seeing... Facebook's Sheryl Sandberg attacks gender stereotypes at work. Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook, has launched a fierce attack on the gender stereotypes that hold back women at work at the World Economic Forum in Davos.

Facebook's Sheryl Sandberg attacks gender stereotypes at work

Sandberg, who is publishing a book called Lean In on women in the workplace in March, singled out T-shirts sold in the US, with the boys' version emblazoned with the words "Smart Like Daddy", while the girls' version says "Pretty like Mommy". Sexist stereotypes dominate front pages of British newspapers, research finds. Sexist stereotypes, humiliating photographs of women and male bylines dominate the front pages of British newspapers, according to research carried out by the industry body Women in Journalism (WiJ).

Male journalists wrote 78% of all front-page articles and men accounted for 84% of those mentioned or quoted in lead pieces, according to analysis of nine national newspapers, Monday to Saturday, over the course of four weeks. The only females to be regularly pictured in the period were the Duchess of Cambridge; her sister, Pippa Middleton, and the crime victim Madeleine McCann. The three males most likely to be photographed were Simon Cowell, whose biography was published that month; Nicolas Sarkozy, who was fighting an election, and Prince William. Marjorie Rhodes, Ph.D.: How Generic Language Leads Children to Develop Social Stereotypes. Consider the following statements: "Girls have long hair"; "Jews celebrate Passover"; "Italians love pasta. " These statements make claims that we view as generally true of groups, even though we can easily call to mind exceptions (e.g., girls with short hair, Italians who dislike pasta, etc.).

The battle against 'sexist' sci-fi and fantasy book covers. Representing gender in children's reading materials. Sexist Terms - and alternatives. Sexist Terms - and alternatives This list of sexist terms shows not only what may be avoided but also how they may be avoided. If in the company of people who are made uncomfortable by sexist terms, there is a polite and linguistically acceptable alternative in most cases. The often quoted "person aperture cover" for "man hole" is both a hoax and a parody of the intention of the language. The following are becoming increasingly accepted and mostly are no longer an issue of contention. The following checklist of alternatives to sexist language was produced by a publisher giving advice to authors. 1.

If the gender of the person being discussed is unknown or could be either female or male, there are several alternatives. The Female Leader. Russell Howard's good news - Bic pens for women. Too feeble for unisex? Try a lady product. We all know that being a woman requires specialist material. Why should married women change their names? Let men change theirs. Word Cloud: How Toy Ad Vocabulary Reinforces Gender Stereotypes.

Preamble (Added April 12, 2011). Barclays has pinked up its new ad – how lazy and depressing. Gender-neutral isn’t new. Gender-neutral language really burns some people’s beans. Chalk Talk: If anyone knows a gender-neutral pronoun, can he or she speak up? - Schools - Education. At Boots, science is for boys and pink princess toys are for girls.

Last summer, driving our firstborn girl home from hospital, the world outside the car window seemed suddenly strange and new: the trees greener; the road grittier; the blossom in the hedges fluffier. Language and gender on the internet. Millions of people around the world take part in large-scale group discussions on the internet. These discussions have been likened to very large-scale conversations. We might wonder, therefore, whether the same kinds of gender differences exist in computer-mediated discussions as have been noted in face-to-face discussions. Linguistics Research Digest: Do birds of a feather tweet together? Gender article. Mills and Boon. Ladette To Lady (ITV1) Wives and grandmothers first? It's time to fight this insidious sexism.

Did you know that women can continue to manage high-profile jobs after their grownup children have had babies? Swedish toy catalogue goes gender neutral. TED Talk: Ending Gender by Scott Turner Schofield. Plain women. Plain men. Turn Taking: A Study of Turn Taking within Discourse Analysis. Do men and women speak the same language? Language and Gender ENGB1 - Miss Cooper: AS and A2English Language Revision for AQA Specification B.