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23 December 2010 New insight into Neanderthal family groupings Following the discovery of the remains of a group of Neanderthals, in a cave in Northern Spain, analysts have uncovered new information which leads to the belief that rather than living as groups of individuals, they lived in small, related families. The discovery dates back to 47,000 BCE, towards the end of the Neanderthal Era. At first the remains of this mass murder were thought to be victims of the Spanish Civil War, when the cave was used as a hide-out for Republicans.
By Maggie Fox Washington - Neanderthals and modern humans interbred, probably when early humans first began to migrate out of Africa, according to a genetic study released on Thursday. People of European, Asian and Australasian origin all have Neanderthal DNA, but not Africans, researchers reported in Friday's issue of the journal Science.
19 July 2010 A kit to see how much Neanderthal you are? In May, scientists finished mapping the genes of the Neanderthal and determined that as much as 4% of those genes are in people today. Now one company has unveiled a test to determine just how much Neanderthal is inside you.
Rotterdam, 6 mei. Eén tot vier procent van het DNA van Europeanen is afkomstig van Neanderthalers. Dat is een verrassende conclusie van de langverwachte ontcijfering van het genetisch materiaal van de Neanderthaler. Die verscheen donderdagavond in het wetenschappelijk tijdschrift Science . Aan de analyse is vijf jaar gewerkt.
The scientific, legal, and ethical obstacles The 50,000-year-old skull of a Neanderthal from the site of Shanidar in Iran (top) has a prominent browridge and more projecting face than the 40,000-year-old Homo sapiens skull found at Pestera cu Oase in Romania. (Erik Trinkaus)
Nov. 16, 2006 — The veil of mystery surrounding our extinct hominid cousins, the Neanderthals, has been at least partially lifted to reveal surprising results. Scientists with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the Joint Genome Institute (JGI) have sequenced genomic DNA from fossilized Neanderthal bones.
Evolution :: News :: May 6, 2010 :: :: Email :: Print The sequence shows that Neandertals and modern humans interbred, and that their DNA persists in us By Kate Wong
De Neanderthalers en moderne mensen zijn met elkaar gekruist. Waarschijnlijk toen de eerste mensen vanuit Afrika begonnen te migreren. Dat beweren onderzoekers na een uitgebreid genetisch onderzoek. Mensen in Europa, Azië, Australazië hebben DNA van de Neanderthaler in zich. De vraag of Neanderthalers en de moderne mens elkaar ooit ontmoet hebben en misschien zelfs seks hebben gehad, houdt de wetenschap allang bezig.
In July of 1997 the first ever sequencing of Neanderthal DNA , a breakthrough in the study of modern human evolution, was announced in the Journal Cell (Krings, et. al. , 1997). DNA was extracted for the type specimen and the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence was determined. This sequence was compared to living human mtDNA sequences and found to be outside the range of variation in modern humans. Age estimation of the Neanderthal and human divergence is four times older than the age of the common mtDNA ancestor of all living humans.
May 6, 2010 — How much do we, who are alive today, differ from our most recent evolutionary ancestors, the cave-dwelling Neandertals, hominids who lived in Europe and parts of Asia and went extinct about 30,000 years ago? And how much do Neandertals, in turn, have in common with the ape-ancestors from which we are both descended, the chimpanzees? Although we are both hominids, the fossil record told us long ago that we differ physically from Neandertals, in various ways. But at the level of genes and the proteins that they encode, new research published online May 6 in the journal Science reveals that we differ hardly at all.
Neandertals ( Homo neanderthalensis ) are currently believed to be our closest evolutionary relatives. Although some researchers once thought they were our immediate ancestors in Europe, most now agree that Neandertals and modern humans most likely shared a common ancestor within the last 500,000 years, possibly in Africa. The morphological features typical of Neandertals first appear in the European fossil record about 400,000 years ago, with bones of full-fledged Neandertals showing up at least 130,000 years ago. They lived in Europe and western Asia, as far east as southern Siberia and as far south as the Middle East (see map), before disappearing from the fossil record about 30,000 years ago.
May 6, 2010 — After extracting ancient DNA from the 40,000-year-old bones of Neanderthals, scientists have obtained a draft sequence of the Neanderthal genome, yielding important new insights into the evolution of modern humans. Among the findings, published in the May 7 issue of Science, is evidence that shortly after early modern humans migrated out of Africa, some of them interbred with Neanderthals, leaving bits of Neanderthal DNA sequences scattered through the genomes of present-day non-Africans. "We can now say that, in all probability, there was gene flow from Neanderthals to modern humans," said the paper's first author, Richard E.
May 6, 2010 — Researchers have produced the first whole genome sequence of the 3 billion letters in the Neanderthal genome, and the initial analysis suggests that up to 2 percent of the DNA in the genome of present-day humans outside of Africa originated in Neanderthals or in Neanderthals' ancestors. The international research team, which includes researchers from the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), part of the National Institutes of Health, reports its findings in the May 7, 2010, issue of Science. The current fossil record suggests that Neanderthals, or Homo neanderthalensis , diverged from the primate line that led to present-day humans, or Homo sapiens , some 400,000 years ago in Africa. Neanderthals migrated north into Eurasia, where they became a geographically isolated group that evolved independently from the line that became modern humans in Africa. They lived in Europe and western Asia, as far east as southern Siberia and as far south as the Middle East.
Archaeology Magazine tast in het nieuwste nummer de mogelijkheden van het klonen van Neanderthalers af. Belangrijke vragen passeren de revue: kunnen we ze tot leven wekken? En willen we dat? De eerste vraag kan dankzij de nieuwste ontwikkelingen bijna met een ‘ja’ worden beantwoord. De tweede is lastiger, maar niet minder interessant. Een jaar geleden brachten onderzoekers het genoom van de Neanderthaler in kaart.
June 23, 2010 — The separation of Neanderthal and Homo sapiens might have occurred at least one million years ago, more than 500.000 years earlier than previously believed, according to new DNA-based analyses. A doctoral thesis conducted at the National Center for Research on Human Evolution (Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana), associated with the University of Granada, analyzed the teeth of almost all species of hominids that have existed during the past 4 million years. Quantitative methods were employed, and they managed to identify Neanderthal features in ancient European populations. The main purpose of this research, whose author is Aida Gómez Robles, was to reconstruct the history of evolution of the human species using the information provided by the teeth, which are the most numerous and best preserved remains of the fossil record. To this purpose, a large sample of dental fossils from different sites in Africa, Asia and Europe was analyzed.