Strategic Bombing in World War II. The Bombing of Switzerland by the Allies During the Second World War. On March 4, 1945, six B-24H American bombers on their way to bomb Aschaffenburg again in the “clean up” missions at war’s end, somehow ended up bombing the city of Zurich, Switzerland “by mistake,” 15 miles within the territory of the neutral power with which the United States was supposedly trying to maintain good relations.
They dropped 12 tons of incendiary bombs and 12.5 tons of heavy explosives. Most exploded in an open field, but 5 Swiss civilians were killed, 22 left homeless, and several houses were destroyed. Previously, on April 1, 1944 the northern Swiss city of Schaffhausen was seriously damaged when 50 U.S. bombers killed and wounded 100 people and ravaged homes, factories, city buildings and railway yards of the city of 22,000 inhabitants. There were 428 left homeless and 67 buildings damaged. At the Museum of Natural History and at the Allerheiligen Museum, valuable treasures were destroyed. Atomic Bomb. The devastation from atomic bombs never stops. Seventy years ago, the United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japan: Hiroshima on Aug. 6, 1945; Nagasaki on Aug. 9.
With searing heat and annihilating force, the nuclear blasts tore through factories, shops and homes in both cities. Huge portions of Hiroshima and Nagasaki vanished. Weighing many factors, including the Soviet Union's entry into the war against Japan 11 hours before the Nagasaki bombing, Japan surrendered. BRIA 15 3 a Firestorms: The Bombing of Civilians in World War II. CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION Bill of Right in Action Summer 1999 (15:3) Rules of War Firestorms: The Bombing of Civilians in World War II Before World War II, most nations condemned targeting civilians in bombing raids.
As the war went on, the nations at war expanded their bombing targets from military to industrial ones, then to workers' houses, and finally to entire cities and their civilian populations. In the late afternoon of April 26, 1937, German bombers and other warplanes attacked Guernica, a town of about 7,000 persons in northern Spain. Franklin Delano Roosevelt - Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation (12-08-41) Franklin Delano Roosevelt Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation delivered 8 December 1941, Washington, D.C.
Audio mp3 of Address. Bombing of Dresden - World War II. The Allies claimed that by bombing Dresden, they were disrupting important lines of communication that would have hindered the Soviet offensive.
This may be true, but there is no disputing that the British incendiary attack on the night of February 13 to February 14 was conducted also, if not primarily, for the purpose of terrorizing the German population and forcing an early surrender. It should be noted that Germany, unlike Japan later in the year, did not surrender until nearly the last possible moment, when its capital had fallen and Hitler was dead.
Because there were an unknown number of refugees in Dresden at the time of the Allied attack, it is impossible to know exactly how many civilians perished. After the war, investigators from various countries, and with varying political motives, calculated the number of civilians killed to be as little as 8,000 to more than 200,000.